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Back Pain

What is Back Pain?

Back pain is one of the most common reasons people go to see a Physiotherapist or miss work and affects people of all ages. It usually feels like an ache, tension or stiffness in the back. It can be present in the upper back, middle back or lower back. It is the leading cause of disability worldwide.

What are the common causes of back pain?

  • A sprain to the ligaments or a strain to the muscles of the back

  • Spinal nerve compression

  • Herniated or bulging disc

  • Degenerative disc disease

  • Sacroiliac joint dysfunction

  • Skeletal irregularities

  • Osteoporosis

What are the common back pain problems that are referred to physiotherapy?

  • Acute non-specific low back pain: This is a pain that recently started between your lowest ribs and buttocks with no identifiable cause.

  • Axial spondyloarthritis: This is common referred to as inflamed spine. It is a group of conditions that involve long-term inflammation of the joints and ligaments of the spine, as well as, other body parts.

  • Persistent non-specific low back pain: The pain lasts for longer than 6 weeks with its cause unknown.

  • Radicular pain: It is the pain that spreads from the back and travels down the leg, it is commonly known as sciatica.

  • Spinal canal stenosis: It is the pain that results from narrowing of the spinal canal, particularly common in conditions like osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis of the spine.

  • Thoracic spine pain: This pain is present in the upper and middle back. It commonly results from poor posture, inflammation of the large muscles or the back and shoulder or degeneration of the facet joints of the thoracic vertebrae.

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