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Cancer

What is Cancer?

It is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body unlike benign tumours, which do not spread to other parts of the body.

What are the common types of cancer?

  1. Prostate cancer
  2. Breast cancer
  3. Lung cancer
  4. Colon cancer
  5. Lymphoma
  6. Melanoma
  7. Leukaemia

How can physiotherapy help cancer patients?

Cancer and its various treatments are associated with a wide range of distressing physical and psychological symptoms, which can affect patients for many years following the end of treatment. Inclusion of physiotherapy-led exercise within cancer pathways can reduce and prevent disability. Physiotherapy can also alleviate distressing symptoms such as lymphoedema and fatigue, reduce the risk of cancer recurrence and mortality and vital for maintaining healthy weight and preventing muscle-wasting in cancer patients.

What are the treatments for cancer?

The most common treatments used for cancer treatments include:

  • Chemotherapy

  • Radiotherapy

  • Surgery

  • Immunotherapy

  • The joint may be very unstable.

  • Hormone therapy

  • Targeted therapy

What are the side-effects of cancer treatments?

  • Fatigue

  • Pain

  • Loss of self-esteem and confidence

  • Changes in sexuality

  • Menopausal symptoms for women

  • Fertility problems

  • Swelling in the limbs (lymphoedema)

  • Cognitive changes

  • Depression

  • Urinary and bladder problems

  • Excessive weight gain and loss

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