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Critical care

What is Critical care?

This refers to the specialized care of patients whose conditions are life-threatening and who require comprehensive care and constant monitoring, usually in intensive care units.

How can physiotherapy help patients in critical care?

Physiotherapy treatment as part of a multi-disciplinary approach to care is integral in promoting lung function, reducing the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia, facilitating weaning and promoting safe and early discharge from the intensive care unit. It is an important intervention that prevents and mitigates adverse effects of prolonged bed rest and mechanical ventilation during critical illness. It incorporates any active and passive therapy that promotes movement and minimise functional decline.

What are the common problems faced by patients in critical care?

  • Ventilator-associated pneumonia

  • Central line-associated bloodstream infection

  • Catheter-associated urinary tract infection

  • Surgical site infection

  • Venous thromboembolism

  • Deep venous thrombosis

  • Pulmonary embolus

  • Muscle weakness

  • Impaired quality of life

  • Functional decline

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