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Falls

How common are Falls?

This is a quite common incidence, especially among the elderly.

What is the role of physiotherapy in falls management?

Physiotherapy are integral to multidisciplinary falls prevention programs and rehabilitation services for older adults who have experienced a fall. Physiotherapy effectively improves strength, motor function and balance in older adults at risk of falling and those with fall-related injuries. Physiotherapists assess individuals to screen for risk of falls and manage falls prevention programs. Physiotherapists prescribe specific exercises, activities and interventions, and provide advice on managing environmental risks.

What causes falls?

  • Changes in gait pattern, poor balance, reduced mobility, and muscle weakness

  • Ageing

  • Visual impairments

  • Cognitive decline and neurological problems

  • Urinary incontinence

  • Presence of home hazards

  • Cardiovascular problems

  • Certain medications

What are the consequences of falls?

Falls can have a variety of outcomes Рno injury, minor injury, serious injury or death.  Physical injuries can include:

  • Pain

  • Bruising

  • Scratches and other superficial wounds

  • Haematomas

  • Lacerations

  • Fractures

  • Intracranial bleeding

Even falls not resulting in physical injury can instil a fear of falling, which leads to:

  • Self-imposed limitation of activity

  • Commencing a cycle of decreasing functional ability

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