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What is Fibromyalgia?

It is a condition that causes widespread pain and tenderness in the body. It is often accompanied by fatigue and problems with memory and concentration.

Can physiotherapy help people with fibromyalgia?

Yes. The focus of physiotherapy is to relief muscle and joint stiffness, tenderness and pain, and to manage activity levels and fatigue.

What causes fibromyalgia?

The cause is unknown. It could be triggered by illness, injury or a period of emotional stress and pain. It is common in people with the following:

  • Lupus or rheumatoid arthritis

  • An illness such as a virus (or a recent illness or infection)

  • Pain from an injury or trauma

  • Emotional stress and depression

  • Family history of fibromyalgia

  • Previous pain syndromes

  • Mood disorders

  • Substance abuse

How do I know if I have fibromyalgia?

The most common symptoms of fibromyalgia are:

  • Pain in different muscles and bones

  • Tenderness or stiffness in the muscles or bones, lasting for at least 3 months

  • Extreme tiredness

  • Difficulty sleeping

Other symptoms and related conditions may include:

  • Problems with concentration and memory

  • Anxiety, depression or emotional distress

  • Irritable bowel syndrome

  • Headaches

  • Numbness and tingling in the arms and legs

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