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Frozen Shoulder

What is Frozen Shoulder?

It is a condition characterised by pain and stiffness in the shoulder joint. It is also known as adhesive capsulitis.

Can physiotherapy help people with frozen shoulder?

Yes. Physiotherapy for frozen shoulder can be an effective way to support and speed up recovery. A physiotherapist can assess your shoulder and use several methods to increase movement of your shoulder.

What causes frozen shoulder?

The exact cause is not fully understood, however, the following have been reported:

  • People with hormonal imbalance, diabetes, or a weakened immune system may be prone to joint inflammation that leads to frozen shoulder

  • A long period of inactivity due to an injury, illness, or surgery also makes you more vulnerable to inflammation, adhesions and scar tissue formation which leads to frozen shoulder

  • People with thyroid disorders are at risk of frozen shoulder

  • People between the ages of 40 and 60 are more likely to have frozen shoulder

  • Women are more likely than men in this age group to have frozen shoulder

How do I know if I have frozen shoulder?

You will experience the following symptoms which occur at the different stages of frozen shoulder:

  • Pain

  • Stiffness

  • Inability to lift your hand above your shoulder height

  • Inability to throw a ball

  • Inability to quickly reach for something

  • Inability to reach behind your back like tuck your shirt or hook a bra

  • Inability to reach your side and back like reaching for a seat belt

  • Inability to sleep on the affected side

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