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Guillain-Barre Syndrome

What is Guillain-Barre Syndrome?

It is an autoimmune disease where the body’s immune system begins to attack the peripheral nervous system (nerves).

What causes Guillain-Barre Syndrome?

The cause is unknown, but some cases seem to be triggered by a viral or bacterial illness.

How do I know if I have Guillain-Barre Syndrome?

You will experience the following symptoms:

  • Muscle weakness and paralysis affecting both sides of the body

  • Jerky, uncoordinated movements

  • Numbness

  • Muscle aches, pains or cramps

  • Odd sensations such as vibrations, buzzing or ‘crawling’ under the skin

  • Blurred vision

  • Dizziness

  • Breathing problems

Can physiotherapy help people with Guillain-Barre Syndrome?

Yes, the aims of physiotherapy management include the following:

  • Regain independence with everyday tasks

  • Retrain the normal movement patterns

  • Improve posture

  • Improve the balance and coordination

  • Maintain clear airways

  • Prevent lung infection

  • Support joint in functional position to minimize damage or deformity

  • Prevent pressure sores

  • Maintain peripheral circulation

  • Provide psychological support for the patient and relatives

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