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What is Hypertension?

It is a condition in which the force of the blood against the artery walls is too high. It is a risk factor in many diseases, such as heart attack, kidney failure and stroke.

How do I know if I have hypertension?

Most people with hypertension do not show symptoms. Some may complain of headaches and dizziness. The best way to know if you have a high blood pressure is by checking the blood pressure using a blood pressure monitor. A blood pressure greater than 140/90 is considered high.

How can physiotherapy help people with hypertension?

A Physiotherapist can advise you about how to lower your risk of developing high blood pressure and about how to reduce your risk of health problems once you have been diagnosed. Drugs are prescribed in the more severe cases, but if your blood pressure is borderline for treatment, structured exercises prescribed by a Physiotherapist can help prevent you having to take medication. They can tell you which exercise programmes are suitable for you.

What are the factors that contribute to hypertension?

  • Leading a sedentary lifestyle (with little or no exercise)

  • Smoking

  • Being overweight

  • A diet with a high salt intake

  • High blood cholesterol

  • A family history of high blood pressure

  • High alcohol consumption

  • Diabetes

  • High salt intake

  • Renal stenosis

  • Some hormonal conditions

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