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Jumper’s Knee (Patella Tendonitis)

What is Jumper’s Knee (Patella Tendonitis)?

It is an overuse injury to the tissue connecting the kneecap to the shin bone (patellar tendon).

What causes Jumper’s knee?

  • Constant jumping, landing, and changing direction can cause strains, tears, and damage to the patellar tendon.
  • In sports people, Rapid increase in amount of training, Sudden increase in training intensity, Playing/training on rigid surfaces are the major causes.
  • Tight hamstrings and quadriceps, poor foot posture and poor knee and hip control could also result in Jumper’s knee.

Can physiotherapy help people with Jumper’s knee?

Yes. Physiotherapy is an effective treatment in the management of Jumper’s knee. Most people recover fully without the need for surgery.

Who suffers from Jumper’s knee?

  • People who play sports like basketball, volleyball, soccer, football, track and field (running, high and long jump), tennis, dancing, gymnastics and skiing

  • Older people due to degeneration from repetitive microtrauma to the patella tendon

How do I know if I have Jumper’s knee?

You will experience the following symptoms:

  • Pain directly over the patellar tendon (or more specifically, below the kneecap)

  • Stiffness of the knee, particularly while jumping, kneeling, squatting, sitting, or climbing stairs

  • Knee stiffness, first thing in the morning

  • Pain when bending the knee

  • Pain in the quadriceps muscle

  • Leg or calf weakness

  • Balance problems

  • Warmth, tenderness, or swelling around the lower knee

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