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Multiple Sclerosis

What is Multiple Sclerosis?

It is a disease in which the immune system eats away at the protective covering of nerves. It is the most common acquired chronic neurological disease affecting young adults, often diagnosed between the ages of 20 to 40.

What causes multiple sclerosis?

There is no known single cause of multiple sclerosis, but many genetic and environmental factors have been shown to contribute to its development.

In this condition, the body’s own immune system attacks and damages the fatty material called myelin around the nerves. Myelin is important for protecting and insulating nerves so that the electrical messages sent by the brain to the rest of the body can travel quickly and efficiently.

Can physiotherapy help people with multiple sclerosis?

Yes. A comprehensive physiotherapy assessment will be carried out to help develop strategies to better manage your symptoms, improve your mobility and to be as independent as possible. Physiotherapy can help manage your fatigue, difficulties with walking, balance and coordination, pain, dizziness and vertigo, muscle weakness, spasms and stiffness, and your sensory problems.

How do I know if I have multiple sclerosis?

You will experience the following symptoms:

  • Pain

  • Extreme tiredness (unusual fatigue)

  • Difficulties with walking, balance and coordination

  • Muscle weakness, tremor, spasms and stiffness

  • Dizziness and vertigo

  • Tingling, numbness, pins and needles sensations

  • Bladder and bowel changes

  • Blurred or double vision

  • Sensitivity to heat and/or cold

  • Sexual changes

  • Emotional and mood changes

  • Changes in concentration, memory and slurring speech

Not sure about your conditions?

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