Email us


Muscular Dystrophy

What is Muscular Dystrophy?

It is the name given to a group of neuromuscular disorders that cause progressive and irreversible weakness and wasting of muscles. There are different types of muscular dystrophy. The most common ones are:

  • Duchenne – this is the most common in children. It usually affects boys, but girls can still be carriers of the disease.
  • Becker – it is like Duchenne but is milder and progresses more slowly. Symptoms usually occur later, during the teen years.
  • Myotonic – this is the most common in adults, affecting both men and women. Affected persons are unable to relax their muscles after using them.
  • Facioscapulohumeral (FSHD) – symptoms usually begin in the face and shoulders. It can start in the teenage years, but may begin later, and affects both females and males.
  • Limb-girdle – the hip and shoulder muscles are usually affected first. It generally first occurs in childhood or the teenage years in both males and females.

What are the causes of muscular dystrophy?

Causes have been linked to genetic mutations

Can physiotherapy help people with muscular dystrophy?

Yes. The focus of physiotherapy is to relief pain, slow down the progression of the complications associated with muscular dystrophy, improve your quality of life, prolong independence and ensure that you are functioning safely at a high level for as long as possible.

What are the symptoms of muscular dystrophy?

  • Progressive muscle weakness

  • Frequent falls

  • Difficulty rising from a lying or sitting up position

  • Trouble running and jumping

  • Waddling gait

  • Walking on the toes

  • Large calf muscles

  • Muscle pain and stiffness

  • Learning disabilities

How will physiotherapy help my AC Joint injury?

A Physiotherapist’s goals of treatment will be to:

  • Reduce pain and inflammation

  • Improve your joint range of movement

  • Increase the shoulder muscle strength

  • Improve your shoulder blade and collar bone alignment

  • Improve your muscle length

  • Improve your upper limb proprioception

  • Improve your technique and function especially when lifting or doing overhead activities

  • Minimise your chance of reinjury as you return to work or sport

Not sure about your conditions?

Find and book a physio today

Search Physio

Currency Converter