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Osgood’s Schlatter Syndrome

What is Osgood’s Schlatter Syndrome?

It is a childhood repetitive-use injury that causes a painful lump below the kneecap. It occurs during growth spurts, when bones, muscles, tendons, and other structures are changing rapidly. Physical activity puts additional stress on bones and muscles, and children who participate in athletics — especially running and jumping sports – are at an increased risk for this condition. Less active adolescents may also experience this problem.

Can physiotherapy help people with Osgood’s Schlatter Syndrome?

Yes. The focus of physiotherapy treatment is pain reduction, activity modification, muscle flexibility and strength improvement and a return to pain-free functional activities.

What are the causes of Osgood’s Schlatter Syndrome?

  • Growth spurt

  • Exercise

  • Gender – boys are more prone to this condition than girls

  • Injury such as a previous knee injury

  • Activities involving repetitive, strong quadriceps contractions, such as in jumping, running, volleyball, basketball, soccer, gymnastics, dance, netball and ice skating increases the risk of having Osgood’s Schlatter syndrome

What are the symptoms of Osgood’s Schlatter Syndrome?

  • Pain, swelling and tenderness just below the knee cap

  • Stair climbing, squatting and kneeling are painful

  • Pain during exercise

  • Pain when straightening the knee

  • Pain subsides with rest

  • Loss of quadriceps muscle strength and bulk

  • Pain in one or both knees

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