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Parkinson’s Disease

What is Parkinson’s Disease?

It is a disorder of the nervous system that results from damage to the nerve cells in a region of the brain that produces dopamine – a chemical, vital for the smooth control of muscles and movement. It mainly affects people aged over 65, but it can come on earlier.

What are the causes of Parkinson’s disease?

The exact cause of Parkinson’s disease is still uncertain, but it is thought to be related to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. It is believed to be caused by the progressive degeneration of nerve cells in the middle area of the brain.

Can physiotherapy help people with Parkinson’s disease?

Yes. Physiotherapy is a vital component of the long-term management of Parkinson’s disease. It is effective in pain management, movement and postural problems.

What are the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease?

  • Pain

  • Problems with balance

  • Tremor/shaking

  • Rigidity/muscle stiffness

  • Bradykinesia/slowness of movement

  • Freezing/experiencing a sudden inability to move

  • Stooped posture

  • Shuffling gait

  • Micrographia (small handwriting)

  • Apathy

  • Fatigue

  • Sleep disturbance

  • Problems with memory

  • Loss of sense of smell

  • Depression

  • Blood pressure fluctuation

  • Constipation

How will physiotherapy help my AC Joint injury?

A Physiotherapist’s goals of treatment will be to:

  • Reduce pain and inflammation

  • Improve your joint range of movement

  • Increase the shoulder muscle strength

  • Improve your shoulder blade and collar bone alignment

  • Improve your muscle length

  • Improve your upper limb proprioception

  • Improve your technique and function especially when lifting or doing overhead activities

  • Minimise your chance of reinjury as you return to work or sport

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