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Primary Lateral Sclerosis

What is Primary Lateral Sclerosis?

It is a rare neuromuscular disease that affects nerve cells in the body causing slowly progressive weakness in voluntary muscle movement. It affects the legs first, followed by the body, trunk, arms and hands, and, finally the bulbar muscles (muscles that control speech, swallowing, and chewing).

What are the causes primary lateral sclerosis?

The exact cause is not known. The disease seems to begin after the age of 40 or 50 years.

Can physiotherapy help people with primary lateral sclerosis?

Yes. The focus of physiotherapy is to prevent joint immobility, slow than muscle weakness, improve balance and the quality of life of people living with primary multiple sclerosis.

What are the symptoms of primary lateral sclerosis?

  • Muscle weakness in the legs

  • Muscle stiffness in the legs

  • One leg is more affected than the other

  • Painful muscle spasms and spasticity

  • Difficulty walking – stumbling is common

  • Problems with balance – falling is common

  • Muscle cramps

  • General clumsiness

  • Speech disturbance

  • Slowness of movement

  • Muscle wasting

  • Trouble moving arms and doing tasks such as combing hair and brushing your teeth

  • Problems with swallowing

  • Loss of bladder control

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