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Spina Bifida Occulta

What is Spina Bifida Occulta?

It is a condition that arises from a defect in an embryo’s developing spine.

Can physiotherapy help children with spina bifida occulta?

Yes. The focus of physiotherapy is to maximise independent mobility and encourage participation in regular physical activity.

What are the causes spina bifida occulta?

The exact cause is not well understood; however, the following factors have been identified:

  • A family history

  • Maternal folate deficiency

  • Maternal health conditions like diabetes or obesity

  • Maternal use of certain medication early in pregnancy

What are the symptoms of spina bifida occulta?

  • Foot deformity

  • Leg weakness, numbness, or clumsiness

  • Bladder or bowel dysfunction

  • Hand weakness or numbness

  • Back pain

  • Curvature of the spine – scoliosis

  • A hairy patch on the skin

  • Discolouring of the skin or a birthmark

  • A dimple or indented patch of skin

  • A growth or pad of fat

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