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Type 2 Diabetes

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

It is a metabolic disorder in which the cells of the body become resistant to insulin and/or the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin.

Can physiotherapy help people with Type Two Diabetes?

Yes. Physiotherapists use exercise programs as an effective treatment for patients with type 2 diabetes and it has been proven that regular physical activity prescribed by a Physiotherapist is crucial to in sustaining low blood sugar levels and improving insulin sensitivity.

What are the causes of Type 2 Diabetes?

It is caused by an impaired pancreatic beta-cell. There are associated risk factors which could lead to type 2 diabetes. They are:

  • Being older than 55

  • Being overweight or obese

  • Weight stored around the waist rather than the hips

  • Having family history of diabetes

  • Being inactive

  • Having polycystic ovary syndrome

  • Having had gestational diabetes while pregnant or having given birth to a baby that weighed more than 4.5 kg

  • Having pre-diabetes – blood glucose levels that are slightly raised but not high enough to diagnose diabetes

What are the symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?

  • An increased thirst

  • Passing more urine than normal

  • Constantly feeling lethargic

  • Sudden unexplained weight loss

  • Itching around the genitalia or frequent occurrences of thrush

  • Slow healing cuts and wounds

  • Blurred vision due to the lens of the eye becoming dry

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